In 2016, 27 transgender individuals were murdered in the United States and nearly all were transgender women of color, making it the deadliest year [on record] for transgender people in the United States of America. These numbers do not reflect transgender people whose deaths are not reported due to misgendering in police reports, news stories, and in some cases even the victim’s family. Victims of violence are overwhelming transgender women of color. Due to lack of information about the perpetrators motives, not all of these homicides have been identified as hate crimes.
I decided to focus in on governmental data and reports from the ACLU, Human Rights Campaign and GLAAD and various other organizations to help guide my preliminary research for the topic of improving transgender rights and increasing transgender visibility and integration within the US. Though disheartened I was not surprised by the bleak findings from the various reports and surveys collected on transgender identifying individuals here in the US.
Unfortunately, as a country, the US is far from where it needs to be with respect to protecting the rights and liberties of transgender Americans. The fact that only 18 states and the District of Columbia even provide laws that protect people from discrimination and discrimination from employment on the basis of gender identity is demonstrative evidence of where the nation has systematically failed to safeguard these people’s basic human rights.
Other stats I found not included in the info graphics [above] include:
- 46% of all transgender and gender non-conforming individuals reported feeling “uncomfortable” seeking police help.
- 22% of transgender people have reported being harassed by police officers due to bias.
- 29-38% of transgender people of color reported being harassed by police officers due to bias.
- Transgenderism was classified in the DSM as a mental illness labeled GID (or Gender Identity Disorder) – until 2013. [“Gender Dysphoria,” 2013].
The sources I use are credible and verifiable. I made sure to only use professional reports from institutions like The National Center for Transgender Equality, Center for Disease Control, ACLU etc. for the numbers I have presented in my research. Furthermore, any numbers, statistics, facts that I have included in my research that were not from government/public/national institutions came from reputable news sources. For example, the stats that stated:
the transgender community makes up approximately 0.3 percent of U.S. adults – roughly 700,000 people. [“Born in the Wrong Body: The Transgender Struggle”, 2013],
was pulled from an article written in The Week and The Week’s source for that information was UCLA’s Williams Institute, which focuses on legal issues that affect transgender people.
A Blueprint for Equality: Prison and Detention Reform. Rep. National Center for
Transgender Equality, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. <http://transequality.org/sites/default/files/docs/resources/NCTE_Blueprint_for_Equality2012_Prison_Reform.pdf>.
“Born in the Wrong Body: The Transgender Struggle.” The Week. The Week Magazine, 23 Sept. 2013. Web. 12 Apr. 2015. <http://theweek.com/articles/459647/born-wrong-body-transgender-struggle>.
“Gender Dysphoria.” APA DSM-5 Development. America Psychiatric Association, 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2015. <http://www.dsm5.org/documents/gender%20dysphoria%20fact%20sheet.pdf>.
“HIV Infection among Transgender People.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC, 14 Apr. 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/transgender/pdf/transgender.pdf>.